The author, Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al-Barqi was a renowned Twelver Shi’a hadith scholar and historian of 3rd/9th century. Both Shi’a and Sunni scholars have relied on his hadiths.
Chapter 2: The (Group Of) Fours
From him, from Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, from Amro Bin Jami’e, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who has four (qualities) in him would be in the Magnificent Light of Allah (azwj) – the one who adheres to the testimony that there is no god except for Allah (azwj) and that I (saww) am Rasul Allah (saww); and the one who is afflicted by a difficulty, sadness, ‘We are for Allah (azwj) and to Him (azwj) we are returning’; and the one who comes across a good, says, ‘The Praise is for Allah (azwj) the Lord (azwj) of the Worlds; and the one when he commits a sin, says, ‘I seek Forgiveness of Allah (azwj) and I repent to Him (azwj)’.1
And from him, from Abu Saeed Al Qamaat, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘The faith of the servant is not completed until there come to be within him, four (qualities) – Best manners, and generosity extended by him, and adheres to the best of speeches, and spends from that which is most loveable to him from his wealth’.2
From him, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abu Ayoub Al Khazaz, from Abu Hamza Al-Thumali, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) said: ‘The one in whom are four (qualities), his faith would be complete, and his sins would be sifted from him, and he would meet his Lord (azwj) and He (azwj) would be Pleased with him – the one who fulfills what Allah (azwj) has Made to be for him to the people; and is of a truthful tongue with the people; and is embarrassed from every ugliness in Presence of Allah (azwj) and in presence of the people, and is of good moral conduct with his family’.3
From him, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Muawiya Bin Wahab, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘The one who guarantees four (things) for me (asws), I (asws) would guarantee him four things in Paradise – Spend and do not fear poverty; and do justice to the people from yourself; and share the (secrets) of Islam with the knowledgeable; and act against the (opinion of) wife even if she is right’.4
From him, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, from Abu Hamza, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘The one in whom are four (qualities), Allah (azwj) would Build for him a house in Paradise – the one who nourishes the orphan, and is merciful to the weak, and is compassionate to his parents and spends upon them, and is kind to his dependents’.5
From him, raising it to Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Four are not satisfied from four – the earth from rain, the eyes from looking, the woman from man, and the scholar from knowledge’.6