The author, Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al-Barqi was a renowned Twelver Shi’a hadith scholar and historian of 3rd/9th century. Both Shi’a and Sunni scholars have relied on his hadiths.
Chapter 4: The (Group Of) Sixes
From him, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Khalaf Bin Hamaad, from Ali Bin Usman Bin Razeyn, from the one who reported it, (It has been narrated) from Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws) having said: ‘If one has in him six qualities would be in front of Allah (azwj) and from His (azwj) right. Allah (azwj) Loves the Muslim person who loves for his brother what he loves for himself, and dislikes for him what he dislikes for himself, and advises him of the Wilayah, and recognises my (asws) merits, and sets foot in my (asws) footsteps, and awaits my (asws) what I (asws) award’.1
From him, raising it to Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘(There are) Six things in which there is not for the servants to make – (out of his control) understanding, ignorance, pleasure, anger, sleep, and wakefulness’.2
From him, from Dawood Al Nahdy, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Al Halby, raising it to Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High will Punish six due to six – the Arab due to their prejudice; the Dahaaqana for their arrogance; the rich for their compulsion; the jurists for their envy; the businessman for their treachery; and the people of Al-Rastaaq for their ignorance’.3
From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Suleyman Al Daylami, from his father, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘Six (matters) Allah (azwj) has Disliked for me (asws), so I (asws) dislike these for the Imams (asws) from my (saww) offspring, and dislike it for the Imams (asws) to follow them – the improperness in Prayer, and the self-conceit in charity, and Al-Rafas during Fasting, and the laughing between graves, and looking ahead during circumambulation (of the Kabah), and coming to the Masjid by the side (not attentive and without facing it)’.
I said, ‘And what is Al-Rafas during Fasting?’ He (asws) said: ‘What Allah (azwj) Disliked for Maryam(as) in His (azwj) Words [19:26] I have vowed a Fast to the Beneficent, so I shall not speak to any human today’. I said, ‘Fasted from which thing?’ He (asws) said: ‘From lies’.4
- 1. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1 H 28
- 2. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1 H 29
- 3. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1 H 30
- 4. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1 H 31